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 2. Swoboda, K.J., Engle, E.C., Scheindlin, B., Anthony, D.C., & Jones, H.R. (1998). Mutilating hand syndrome in an infant with familial carpal tunnel syndrome. Muscle and Nerve, 21, 104-111. Cited in Symons, F.S. (2002).

 3. Symons, F.S.(2002). Self-Injury and Pain: Models and Mechanisms. In S.R. Schroeder, M-L. Oster- Granite, & T. Thompson (Eds.), Self-Injurious Behavior: Gene-brain-behavior relationships (pp. 223-234).

 4. Kline, A.D., Kranyz, I., Goldstein, A., Koo, B., & Jackson, L.G. (2001). Cornelia de Lange syndrome: evidence for a sensory neuropathy. American Journal of Human Genetics, 69, 567.

 5. Lovaas, I.O., Newsom, C., & Hickman, C. (1987). Self-stimulatory behavior and perceptual reinforcement. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 20, 45- 68.

 6. Hall, S., & Oliver, C. (1992). Differential effects of severe self-injurious behaviour on the behaviour of others. Behavioural Psychotherapy, 20, 355-365.

 7. Oliver, C. (1993) Self-injurious behaviour, from response to strategy. In C. Kiernan (Ed.). Challenging behaviour of people with learning disabilities: Research to Practice? Implications of research on the challenging behaviour of people with learning disabilities. (pp.135-188). Clevedon, Bristol: BILD publications.

 8. Oliver,C. (1995). Annotation: Self-Injurious Behaviour in Children with Learning Disabilities: Recent Advances in Assessment and Intervention. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 30, 909-927.

 9. Lovaas, O.I. and Simmons, J.Q. (1969). Manipulation of self-destruction in three retarded children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2, 143-157.

 10. Iwata, B. A. (1987). Negative reinforcement in applied behavior analysis: An emerging technology. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 361- 378.

 11. Gaylord-Ross, R.J. (1982). Curricular considerations in treating behaviour problems of severely handicapped students. In: K.D. Gadow, and I. Butler (Eds.). Advances in Learning and Behavioural Disabilities, Vol. 1, 193-224.

 12. Oliver, C., Murphy, G. H., & Crayton, L. (1993). Self-injurious behavior in Rett syndrome: Interactions between features of Rett syndrome and operant conditioning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 23, 91-109.

 13. Carr, E.G., & Durand, V.M. (1985). The social-communicative basis of severe behaviour problems in children. In: Reiss, S. and Bootzin, R. (Eds.). Theoretical Issues in Behavior Therapy, (pp. 111- 126). New York: Academic Press.

 14. Cipani, E. (1990). The Communicative Function Hypothesis: An operant behavior perspective. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 21, 239-247.

 15. Iwata, B.A., Dorsey, M.F., Slifer, K.J., Bauman, K.E. and Richman, G.S. (1982). Toward a functional analysis of self-injury. Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disorders, 2, 3-20.

 16. O’Reilly, M. (1995). Functional analysis and treatment of escape maintained aggression correlated with sleep deprivation. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 28, 225-226.

 17. Carr, E.G., McLaughlin, D.M., Giacobbe-Grieco, T., & Smith, C.E. (2003). Using Mood Ratings and Mood Induction in Assessment and Intervention for Severe Problem Behavior. American Journal on Mental Retardation: 108, pp. 32–55.

 18. Kennedy, C. H., & Itkonen, T. (1993). Effects of setting events on the problem behavior of students with severe disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 26, 321-327.

 19. Lerman, D. C., & Iwata, B. A. (1995). Prevalence of the extinction burst and its attenuation during treatment. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 28, 93-94.

 20. Horner, R.H., & Day, H.M. (1991). The effects of response efficiency on functional ly equivalent competing behaviors. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 24, 719-732.

 21. Smith, R. G, Iwata, B. A., Vollmer, T. R., & Pace, G. M. (1992). On the relationship between self-injurious behavior and self-restraint. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 433-445.

 22. King, B. H. (1993). Self-injury by people with mental retardation: A compulsive behavior hypothesis. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 98, 93- 112.

 23. Greenberg, A., & Coleman, M. (1973). Depressed whole blood serotonin levels associated with behavioural abnormalities in the de Lange Syndrome. Pediatrics, 52, 720-724.

 24. Johnson, H. G., Ekamn, P., Friesen, W., Nyhan, W., L., & Shear, C. (1976). A behavioural phenotype in the de Lange syndrome. Pediatric Research, 10, 843-850.

Chris Oliver

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